5-Five pillars in Islam.

Five Pillars in Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are the rules, and foundations on which the religion of Islam is built, and they are the greatest duties that every new Muslim must abide by. As Mohamed Rasoul Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, explained these pillars, which are the 5 pillars of Islam.

Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s messenger as saying, “Islam is based on five things: the testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the observance of the prayer, the payment of zakat, the Pilgrimage, and the fast during Ramadan.” (Bukhari and Muslim.)

Concerning the great importance of learning the 5-Five pillars in Islam for kids and Muslims, we will discuss through our paragraphs what are the 5-Five pillars in Islam, as well as why the 5 pillars of Islam are important.

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The Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are the pillars on which the Islamic religion is based, and below we will discuss their explanation in detail:

1-The two testimonies(Shahada)

Shahada is the first pillar of Islam. As for the first part of it, “There is no god but Allah,” it means that the Muslim speaks with his tongue and at the same time acknowledges in his heart that there is no god but Allah, and upon Him, the Muslim relies.

Shahada also requires that a person believes that there is no creator of this universe but Allah alone without a partner to be worshiped with.

As for the testimony that Mohamed Rasoul Allah, it means that you believe that the Prophet Muhammad – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – is sent as a mercy to the worlds, good tidings, and a warner to all creation.

2-Prayer (salah)

Prayer is the connection between a servant and his Lord, and it has a great status in Islam, and it is the first thing that a person will be held accountable for on the Day of Resurrection.

It is the pillar of religion, and the Muslim is required to perform five daily prayers, and others are voluntary.

As every Muslim must perform his prayers at the time specified for them, and in the manner that our master Mohamed Rasoul Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, taught us.

3-Zakat (giving zakat)

Zakat is the third pillar of the 5 pillars of Islam. Zakat is a financial worship imposed by Allah on those who possess the quorum – which is estimated at eighty-five grams of gold – to purify their souls from miserliness, and for their records of sins.

Its amount is two and a half percent for whoever owns the nisab and a full lunar year has passed on his money.

As Islam specified a certain amount of money to be paid by the rich to the poor to achieve equality.

4-Sawm (Fasting Ramadan)

As for fasting, it is the fasting of the month of Ramadan, and the month of Ramadan is considered a great season in which acts of worship abound.

Fasting Ramadan has many virtues, as Allah has guaranteed that those who fasted it out of faith and in anticipation of forgiveness will forgive their sins.

 The Muslim fasts abstaining from food, drink, and marital intercourse – for those who are married – from dawn to sunset. This obligation is waived for those who are not able to fast, such as illness or travel.

5-Hajj (pilgrimage to the House for those who can afford it)

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. As  Hajj linguistically: it is the intention of most, and idiomatically: it is to visit the Sacred Mosque in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, to stand at Arafah, and to circumambulate the honorable Kaaba.

Moreover, Allah has imposed Hajj to purify souls, and to educate them on the meanings of servitude, obedience, and patience.

Why are there 5 pillars of Islam?

It is worth noting that The Five Pillars of Islam were mentioned in the Holy Qur’an in separate verses, in addition to that, the Companions narrated many hadiths about Mohamed Rasoul Allah that discussed 5 pillars of Islam, so we will discuss why 5 pillars of Islam are important:

  • The pillars of Islam are the pillars on which the Islamic religion rests, and it is not correct under any circumstances to underestimate them, not one of them.

Therefore, leaving one of these pillars out of negligence and laziness is considered a major sin, because it is disobedience to Allah Almighty and His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

  • The pillars of Islam are obligatory for every new Muslim, which a Muslim can afford to be ignorant of.

Moreover, learning the pillars of Islam involves implementing the commands of Allah Almighty, following the Sunnah of Mohamed Rasoul Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and winning Paradise and salvation from Hell.

  • Learning the 5 pillars of Islam is one of the basic things on which proper Islamic education is based.
  • Learning the 5 pillars of Islam for kids, especially from an early age, preserves the human instinct that Allah has instilled in them.

5 pillars of Islam for Kids

Teaching the 5 pillars of Islam to kids is very important and necessary, as a Muslim wants to immerse his child in the teachings of Islam from an early age, and perhaps the method preferred by children in education is interaction or the use of cards.

So you can explain each of The Five Pillars of Islam separately using activities, such as:

1-Using artistic activities such as finger puppet activity to teach the child the pillars of Islam

A scientific study conducted by Carnegie Mellon University in America has proven that interactive learning gives 6 times better results than normal learning.

So the use of artistic activities in educating the child is one of the most effective educational means in attracting the attention of the child and retaining information.

So papers can be used in preparing a small game that helps the child memorize The Five Pillars of Islam by making small dolls that the child wears on his five fingers, with each of the five pillars of Islam explained in order on each finger.

2-Download the Pillars of Islam training book

This method is suitable for older children, as the book contains a set of concepts and information about the Islamic religion, in addition to the most important information about The Five Pillars of Islam in order.

You can rely on this book to teach children the rituals of the Islamic religion in general and the pillars of Islam in particular in an interesting and useful way.

The book begins with the activity of reading the 5 pillars of Islam in order and coloring them. This activity helps the children to consolidate the pillars of Islam in their minds and develop motor and reading skills.

Then this book dedicates two pages for each of the pillars of Islam, a page for explanation, and a page for applied activity based on what has been explained.

3-Using cutting and pasting activities to teach children the pillars of Islam

Cut-and-paste activities can be used to teach the child the 5 pillars of Islam in order. Cut-and-paste activities are among the most effective activities in exercising the child’s motor and mental skills together.

Therefore, these activities are frequently used with children in their early stages of life. These activities can be used to teach the child the pillars of Islam by using papers to cut and paste the five pillars of Islam in order in their correct places in the correct order.

The activity aims to make a large board consisting of five pieces in the form of a puzzle of the five pillars of Islam in order.

You can encourage your child to cut out the puzzle pieces on each activity page. After completion, ask him to install the pieces of the puzzle according to the arrangement of The Five Pillars of Islam.

3-Using written activities to teach children the pillars of Islam 

Parents and teachers can use writing activities to teach young children the pillars of Islam because of their advantages in refining children’s reading, writing, and language skills,

in addition to their ability to attract children’s attention and encourage them to pronounce words correctly and write them well.

Therefore, the same can be applied to The Five Pillars of Islam, where parents can download the Pillars of Islam activity sheet that contains the Prophet’s hadith and use it with the child to teach him the five pillars of Islam.

To ensure that he attracts his attention and strengthens his language skills in pronouncing and writing correctly for the pillars of Islam.

Where the child, with the help of his parents or his teacher, reads the hadith of the Prophet and extracts from it the Five Pillars of Islam in order, then writes them on the number of the five fingers of the palm in the correct order.


In conclusion, The Five Pillars of Islam are the gateway to the Islamic religion, as every new Muslim must familiarize themselves with them.

It is worth noting that in our article we dealt with a detailed explanation of these pillars, in addition to that we clarified why 5 pillars of Islam are important, as well as mentioned different ways to teach the 5 pillars of Islam for kids.

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